Pediatric advanced life support (PALS) and advanced cardiovascular life support (ACLS) can be described as life-saving techniques that are a design of the American Heart Association. Both PALS and ACLS are considered to be certification courses that are more advanced compared to Basic Life Support (BLS), First Aid and CPR. It is good for people to undergo the required training so as to receive either a PALS or an ACLS certification. This is because it adds value to workers and provides them with the opportunity to advance to numerous positions in another medical facility or just within the hospital.
Difference between ACLS and PALS
The following information will highlight the difference between ACLS and PALS:
i. Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS)
PALS usually treats children. The program offers an approach that is both systematic and advanced to pediatric assessment. It is designed to ensure that health service providers are equipped with knowledge and skills for treating children and infants that are critically ill. This certification is only available to professionals who are capable of responding emergency situations like ER personnel, ICU staff, emergency responders and pediatric care providers. PALS course comprises of effective pediatric assessment, effective resuscitation, team dynamics and treatment algorithms.
The PALS course is completely a classroom training and students have to work together with an AHA instructor until the course is completed. The skills that are focused upon in PALS are ability to recognize an underlying cause for pediatric emergencies and establishing severity of any pediatric emergency. The possible underlying causes can be metabolic, respiratory or either cardiac in nature. Other skills that are covered in PALS training include the following:
• How to properly use manual defibrillation.
• Effective respiratory management.
• Transcutaneous pacing.
• Proper medication administration, fluid bolus as well as intraosseous access.
ii. Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS)
ACLS normally treats adults. ACLS program is concerned with the training of more advanced cardiac life support techniques. Its aim is to ensure that a person is capable of working confidently and that they can initiate IV access, manage a patient’s airway, fully understand emergency pharmacology as well as can read any electrocardiograms and interpret them correctly. ACLS certification teaches a lot of skill and knowledge that is ideal for pharmacists, dentists, paramedics and doctors. Other skills covered in ACLS training include the following:
• Using ACLS approach to finish both ABCD surveys i.e. primary survey and secondary survey.
• Selection of the appropriate medication that is consistent with ACLS algorithms.
• Synchronized Cardioversion/ Transcutaneous Pacing
• Defibrillation that is inclusive of the use of an automatic external defibrillator.
It can be derived from the insightful information above that the major difference between ACLS and PALS usually is the person that is receiving treatment. Nonetheless, both function as important patient management tools particularly for emergency situations. Healthcare providers and paramedics who treat adults, children or even both should have a form of life support that is readily available and functional to address emergency care and urgent care situations. Pediatric advanced life support and advanced cardiovascular life support satisfy such needs through the provision of interventions that are geared toward every patient population.